TRANSISTOR MUSEUM

Historic Transistor Photo Gallery

 

 

Transistor Size (1/4 Diameter X 1/4H)

Standard T0-5 Case

Date Code 231 (1962, Week 31)

 

 

 

 

FAIRCHILD 2N1613

 

TYPE

Silicon NPN Planar

 

USAGE

High Reliability Universal Type

 

DATE INTRODUCED

1960

 

CASE STYLES

Silver Metal

 

AVAILABILITY

Common (High Volume Production)

 

HISTORIC NOTES

This was the first planar silicon transistor and its introduction at the 1960 WESCON by Fairchild was a truly historic event in semiconductor history. The planar technology was developed by Dr. Jean Hoerni at Fairchild and provided the basis for modern passivated surface silicon structures this led to highly reliable transistors and shortly thereafter to the first Fairchild integrated circuits, an industry first. The high reliability performance of the planar structure (advertised as 5 million transistor hours by Fairchild at the launch of the 2N1613) was due to a protective layer of silicon oxide that covered the transistor surface. This same layer of silicon oxide also provided a stable, insulating structure ideally enabling the photolithographic process for integrated circuit construction. The 2N1613 was a very successful product, and the patented planar process provided substantial competitive advantage to Fairchild for several years. Other semiconductor companies began offering 2N1613 types by 1963. RCA, for example, offered a 2N1613 for $7.01 in the 1963 Arrow Electronics catalogue.

 

 

 

 

Copyright 2004 by Jack Ward

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