TRANSISTOR MUSEUM  

Historic Transistor Photo Gallery   

 

 

Diode Size (3/32” Diameter X 1/4” L)

 

Paper Strip Label

Marked “Clevite” and “Shockley Transistor”

 

Use this link for a detailed Shockley Diode Photo Essay – Learn More About This Historic and Unique Technology:

PhotoGallery Shockley Diode Photo Essay Page 2

 

SHOCKLEY TRANSISTOR CORP

4E30

 

TYPE

Silicon PNPN Shockley Diode

 

USAGE

Experimental/Switching 

 

DATE INTRODUCED

Late 1950s

 

CASE STYLES

Metal (Early)

Glass Cylindrical Cartridge (Later)

 

AVAILABILITY

Rare (Limited Production)

HISTORIC NOTES

Shockley Semiconductor Labs (later known as Shockley Transistor Corporation)  was established in the mid 1950s by William Shockley after he left Bell Labs, and is often cited as the first Silicon Valley semiconductor “hi tech” company.  Although STC was not profitable, the R&D organization initially developed by Shockley was staffed with highly talented scientists and engineers, all of whom were key contributors in later semiconductor ventures which were very successful, such as Fairchild and Intel.  The primary STC product was the four layer diode, sometimes referred to as the “Shockley diode”.  This PNPN device was developed by Shockley as a potential replacement for the billions of mechanical cross-point switches used by the telephone equipment of the time.  Although the Shockley diode proved difficult to manufacture, and high production volume was never reached, samples of the product were manufactured by STC, and later by Clevite, a established semiconductor company that bought STC in 1960.   Prices for the low current devices, such as the 4E30 shown above, were approximately $8 each in the 1959 STC price list.  Higher power types, such as the 4G200 metal stud case device, sold for $40. 

 

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